Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade flag
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (AAMB) formed in late 2000 during the second intifada as a militant wing of the West Bank’s Fatah political faction. The group seeks to drive Israeli military forces and settlers from Jerusalem, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip and establish a Palestinian state. It claimed responsibility for several attacks in 2022 as Palestinian militant activity in the West Bank increased markedly after Israeli security forces killed a large number of militants in 2021. AAMB largely operates as a collection of loosely organized cells, although the group reportedly formed a Joint Operations Room with Katibat Jenin (the Jenin branch of Palestine Islamic Jihad) in the West Bank in February 2022.
Based primarily in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; may have members in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon.
Probably a few hundred fighters
TACTICS AND TARGETS
AAMB conducts military-style assaults, rocket attacks, bombings, ambushes, and suicide operations against military personnel and civilians in Israel. The group originally targeted Israeli forces and Jewish settlers in the Palestinian territories but shifted to targets inside Israel in 2002.
FOREIGN TERRORIST GROUP DESIGNATION
The US State Department designated AAMB as a foreign terrorist organization in March 2002.